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Levels of Risk

Threat Assessment at PVCCThe Five Levels of Risk Behaviors Indicating Risk

Report threats that are elevated, severe, or extreme.
http://www2.pvc.maricopa.edu/alert/report.php

Report threats that are mild or moderate to the Dean of Students' Office.
Please use the Disruption/Discipline Report Form: http://www.paradisevalley.edu/discipline/student-discipline

Mild Risk:
Disruptive or concerning behavior
Individual may or may not show signs of distress
No threat is made or present

Examples:

Disrespectful behavior
Drop in grades
Missed assignments
Deteriorating assignments
Deterioration on physical appearance/lack of personal hygiene
Possible disruptive incidents

Moderate Risk:

More involved or repeated disruption; behavior is more concerning
Possible threat is made or present
Threat is vague or indirect and lacks detail or realism
Information about the threat is inconsistent or lacks detail
Content of threat suggests threatener is unlikely to carry it out

Examples:

Harassing behavior to another individual
Disorganized, erratic performance
Emotional response is overreaction or under reaction
Repeated absence from class

Elevated Risk:

Seriously disruptive incidents
Exhibiting clear distress; more likely disturbance
Threat made or present
Threat is vague and indirect but may be shared with multiple reporters
Threat is inconsistent, implausible, or lacks detail
Threat lacks realism, or is repeated with variations
Content of threat suggests threatener is unlikely to carry it out

Examples:

Out of control behavior
Verbal aggressiveness
Direct statements indicating distress from personal problems
Others expressing concern or fear about the individual
Papers, pictures, or behaviors that focus on despair, hopelessness, or violence

Severe Risk:

Disturbed behavior; not one’s normal self
Threat made or present
Threat is vague but direct, or specific but indirect
Threat is consistent, plausible, or includes increasing details
Threat likely to be repeated with consistency
Content of threat suggests threatener may carry it out.

Examples:

Self injurious or self destructive behavior
Seriously disruptive incidents
Papers/pictures that focus on violence, aggression, or rage
Refusal to comply with rules

Extreme Risk:

Individual is dysregulated (way off baseline)
Threat made or present
Threat is concrete and likely to be shared with multiple reporters
Threat is consistent, plausible, and/or includes specific details (often with steps already taken)
Threat may be repeated with consistency
Content of threat suggests threatener will carry it out
Threatener may appear detached

Examples:

Posing an immediate threat to self or others
Individual exhibits frightening behavior
Individual may appear detached

Source: The National Behavioral InterventionTeam Association. The NaBITA 2009 White paper.